Yes, you can make cables in crochet. They don't look exactly like knit cables, but you can do as much with them as you can do with knit ones, and if you don't knit then it's nice to know that you can still make nice-looking cables.
You're basically using post
dc stitches to make the basic rib for your cable. When you go to twist
them around each other, you'll use post tr stitches to keep your work
flat. It's a bit more involved than making knit cables, but the end
result is the same, you're twisting a number of stitches around each
other, the way you do it will determine what your cable will look like.
All you really have to do is Google 'crochet cables' to find any number of written or video directions on how to do this.
I like the option to be able to put cables on my crochet things too.